3. They drove a flock of sheep ahead as a source of food. The claim of the guidebook’s influence is based on weak evidence. Native American/Indian/American Indian/Indigenous People: Words used to describe people who lived in America before European migration. The California Trail went from western Missouri across the Great Plains into the Rocky Mountains to the gold fields of northern California. National Oregon/California Trail Center 320 North 4th Street Montpelier, Idaho 83254 (866) 847-3800 The Oregon Trail had to eventually cross the South Platte River to gain access to the North Platte River, which overlanders followed all the way to the area of present-day Casper, Wyoming. People who crossed over the California Trail are pioneers. Oregon-California Trail. About 10% of the pioneers died on the journey accounting for approximately 50,000 deaths, After crossing the Rocky Mountains and entering present-day Idaho, the emigrants in the early 1840’s considered themselves officially in Oregon Territory. Between 1841 and 1866 an estimated 500,000 emigrants headed west over the trail. Though the first emigrants to use the Oregon Trail arrived in 1836, the first large-scale mass migration did not occur until 1843 when an estimated 1,000 pioneers set out together. The California Trail was important in the history of California, because the settlers who did come to California were able to assist John C. Frémont and his American forces to wrest control from Mexico in 1846 and 1847, which was confirmed by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. Notable Members: •William Gordon Non-frontiersmen were quickly transformed into pioneers 5. The Oregon-California Trail ended in two different spots, what are the? Pioneer: person who is among the irst to explore or settle a . The Mormon Trail was a two-way road 7. Follow in the footsteps of over 250,000 emigrants who traveled to the gold fields and rich farmlands of California during the 1840s and 1850s: the greatest mass migration in American history. The migration of families 6. 1. ... Emigrants and pioneers looking for a new beginning traveled a long what trail? new area. Mormons did not employ professional guides 4. People who traveled on the California Trail were called emigrants. About 25 people made up this party, which headed out along the familiar trading trail to Los Angeles (the old Santa Fe Trail). History of internal migration in the United States: Ever since the original 13 colonies, westward expansion has been a feature of American life. The Oregon Trail began in the 1840s. The organization of Mormon wagon trains 9. It was most heavily used in the 1840s, 1850s, and 1860s. … The length of the wagon trail from the Missouri River to Sacramento, California was about 1,950 miles (3,138 km). Why did emigrants choose the Santa Fe Trail? This was done at California Crossing, named for the gold rushers of 1849. decided to head for California by way of the trail to Santa Fe. Though some American settlers had traveled to Oregon and California in the 1830s, West-bound wagon trains really started heading out … The party had both American and Mexican citizens in it. What did people traveling along the Santa Fe Trail carry in their wagons? The magnanimous aspect of the Mormon migration 8. This so-called “Hastings Cutoff” directed emigrants to leave the main California Trail at Fort Bridger and travel southwest around the Great Salt Lake, saving 400 miles of journey. The California National Historic Trail is over 5,000 miles long and covers portions of 10 states. 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